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Economic Equality Goal of the SDGs can be achieved only through the whole restructuration of a society and its views on many issues.

Economic Equality Goal of the SDGs and Labor Laws

Firstly, the labor laws of the US promote religious equality, tolerance, and relativism. For example, a Muslim has equal chances of employment, training and development, and promotion to a Christian, a Hindu, a traditional religionist, or any other person pronouncing any kind of religion as well as atheists.

The labor laws of the US underscores the importance of every adult having a legal source of income on the US soils irrespective of his or her religious practices. The position takes into account that the US has no preference to a given religion over the other even if some of them are associated with extremist behaviors such as terrorism and female genital mutilation.

While numerous countries are doing well in terms of providing employment to everyone irrespective of his or her religious practices, some nations, particularly the Islamic states place emphasis on being a Muslim in order to have a higher chance of employment. For example, many Islamic nations do not have the religious houses of other believers such as Christians and Hindus on their soils. Some of them do not even accept atheism. Such an action limits the freedom of worship of the non-Muslim populations that go to seek employment in the Islamic nations. Apart from employment, the US labor laws commit to ensuring that no one is victimized because of his or her religious beliefs.

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For example, no employee should be denied a chance to practice a religious belief or action because of work. Such include religious prayers, holidays, and hours. To that effect, in the US, every employer has to let his or her employees exercise their religious duties even during working hours. Many nations such as Kenya and Nigeria have adopted such a mechanism in their workplace laws. The Indians have their religious hours just like the Muslims and Christians without victimization. However, most nations that are exclusively or largely one religion only have the labor laws that recognize the dominant religion.

Secondly, gender is a critical factor of labor laws in their contribution toward addressing inequality based on a social definition of maleness or femaleness. For a longer part in the human socio-economic history, men and women have been undertaking different roles in the community. Most often, the women were left the home-making and small-scale farming or micro-business roles while men take up the white-collar employment opportunities and other masculine duties such as engineering and driving.

The situation had been similar in virtually all parts of the world because women were considered to be generally weaker than male counterparts. Gender inequality had been so much deeply rooted in the human society that the world still struggles to eliminate it to date. However, evidence has shown that gender inequality has been the germ of underdevelopment in all societies. As such, it remains a vice that has to be fought by use of every resource that humanity has. The nations such as Netherlands and Sweden are doing pretty well compared to the rest of the globe including the UK and the US in addressing gender inequality.

The US might not be the best nation to offer learning steps in challenging gender inequality. However, it has made tremendous efforts in ensuring that women and men have the same employment opportunities and are trained and promoted without discrimination. Categorically, the US is struggling with the enactment and implementation of the labor laws that promote gender equality at the workplace. However, it is ahead of many developing and under-developed nations as pertains to the achievement of gender equality at the workplace.

Therefore, it is a very significant nation during the benchmarking of the labor law enactment and implementation efforts in regards to gender equality, particularly to the developing and underdeveloped states. This is because most of the developing and under-developed nations lack labor laws that target the elimination of gender inequality and inequity. On the same note, the others that might be having a few of such laws already enacted have little or no energy to see to their execution.

It is admitted that there is a disconnect between the enactment of labor laws and their implementation in many nations in the attempts to address socio-economic inequality, which is enshrined in the fifth, eighth, and tenth goals of the SDGs. Even the US suffers major blows in that subject.

However, the developing and under-developed countries tend to witness a significant lethargy in enacting and implementing labor laws that curb inequality. Equality is a major pursuit of the SDGs and a serious ailment of the world. The globe needs a cure from it and so is the US. There is need to act with speed in enacting and implementing labor laws that will address it. While the US might not be the best nation to emulate, it has made many steps ahead in achieving equality through the labor laws. As such, it has significant learning points for a number of states that need to improve their labor laws.